These links are to Websites on Andean society and culture, arranged by topic.
|Archaeology and Ethnohistory||Journals (Online)||Radio Broadcasts|
|Arts and Crafts||Languages||Religion, Ritual, and Cosmology|
|Communities||Museums||Research Centers and Institutes|
|Food and Drink||Music and Dance||Scholarly Articles|
|Health||Photos||Travel and Tourism|
|Identity and Indigenous Peoples||Politics and Society||Volunteer Opportunities, Charities, and NGOs|
I also maintain lists of over 600 English and Spanish-language articles on the Andes available online. They can be accessed at:
Culture and Society in the Andes: An Online Reader
Cultura y Sociedad en los Andes: Lista de Documentos Disponibles en el Internet
An Andean Bibliography (Complete Bibliographic Information on the Articles Available Online)
|Archaeology and Ethnohistory|
|Andean and Tiwanaku Archeology
Besides scholarly articles on Tiwanaku archaeology and research in English and Spanish, this site includes flash images of other Andean sites and a portal to over 500 links on archaeological research in the Andean world. The site is maintained by Alvaro Higueras.
Expedition: Searching for Inca Secrets
This Website is on the famous "ice maiden," a teenage girl sacrificed high atop a mountain in the Andes by the Inca five centuries ago and discovered by Johan Reinhard and Miguel Zarate in 1995 . The site includes a virtual autopsy of the girl's remains, information on her health when she was sacrificed, how she died, details of her last meal, and notes on archaeologist Reinhard's return trip to Ampato to explore more religious sites. By National Geographic.
Proyecto de Investigaciones Arqueológicas en el Valle de Mala, Lima-Perú
This website is dedicated to the archaeological investigations taking place in the Valley of Mala, Peru. The website includes a blog and links to articles. In Spanish.
Describes itself as the online encyclopedia of prehispanic archeology of Peru. It includes descriptions and photos of a large number of of sites of archeological interest, time charts, information on myths and legends, a virtual museum, library, and more. In Spanish.
for Archaeological Research in Arequipa / Centro de Investigaciones
Arqueológicas de Arequipa (CIARQ) |
An NGO dedicated to conducting archaeological research and public education on archaeology and preservation in Arequipa and surrounding areas of southern Peru. The website provides information on the archaeology of Arequipa and the activities of CIARQ.
Baúl Archaeological Project / Proyecto Arqueológico Cerro Baúl
This website provides general information about the Chicago Field Museum's Cerro Baúl Archaeological Project, including field reports, articles, proposals, research activities, and volunteer opportunities.
Extensive information on all aspects of Chavín culture, with many photos and video clips. Website in Spanish.
An archaeological site in Apurimac said to be one of the last strongholds of the Incas, studied by the Peruvian archaeologist Luis Guillermo Lumbreras. The website is in Spanish.
Inca del Cuzco
An overview of the history of the city of Cusco, Peru, from capital of the Inca empire Tawantinsuyo through the colonial area. Website in Spanish.
Chavin de Huantar
A photographic introduction to the site and research project at Chavín de Huántar, 250 km north of Lima, Peru. Website English.
and Transformations of Ethnic Identities in the South Central Andes, AD
700–1825: A Multidisciplinary Study of Tangible and Intangible Patrimony
This website reports on Finnish-Bolivian archaelogical and historical research in the South Central Andes, and includes a series of photos of artifacts and structures found at Pariti, a small island in Lake Titicaca. The website is maintained by Antti Korpisaari, Risto Kesseli and Martti Pärssinen, under the auspices of the Ibero-American Center of the University of Helsinki. Website in English and Spanish.
Step-by-Step from the Land of the Incas
This website provides an eclectic mix of sound, science, and Incan history in order to raise interest in Euclidean geometry. There's information on Cuzco, Machu Picchu, the Nazca Lines, quipus, the Lord of Sipan, Caral: the oldest civilization in the Americas, and more. The website is a visual and musical feast, including quizzes and a host of jigsaw puzzles. Created by Antonio Gutierrez.
Information on some of the sites and expeditions associated with the "lost city" in the eyebrow of the jungle of Peru.
A Peruvian Culture in Time / Huarochiri, Una Cultura Peruana en el
Maintained by anthropologist Frank Salomon, this site presents information on the community of Huarochiri in highland Peru. Famed for a colonial manuscript which provides one of our most complete views of native religious thought, the community continues to thrive today. This Website explores both the ancient and modern community and provides images of and commentary on the people, the region, and the colonial document.
An evaluation of the collection of rounded stones amassed by Dr. Javier Cabrera around Ocucaje and Ica, Peru by Robert Todd Carroll in his The Skeptic's Dictionary. While archaeologists generally consider the stones to be a hoax and have ignored them, pseudoscientists who believe that extraterrestrials once roamed Peru, creationists trying to prove that dinosaurs and ancient humans were contemporaneous, and mytho-historians who take ancient myths literally to be accurate historical records have found them to be quite compelling. In addition to the article in the dictionary, the webpage includes links to several articles on the stones, both skeptical and not.
This blog is dedicated to the discussion of Inca archaeology. It includes information on upcoming conferences and links to various research ongoing projects relating to the Inca. Website in English.
Conquista del Perú
This website offers a brief history of the conquest of Peru organized around the following topics: the Conquest, the destructuralization of Tawantinsuyo, civil wars, the chroniclers, chronology, and key people. It also includes a glossary and bibliography. Website in Spanish.
Incas / The Incas
Website on the Inca with texts prepared by María Rostworowski, including maps, photos, and videos. Informative. Website in Spanish and English.
|Mike Ruggeri's Ancient Andean World|
A website with information about a host of archeological sites across the Americas, including the Andes.
Societies in the Central Andean Highlands
An introduction to the archaeology of some preceramic societies of the puna (high altitude grass-lands) of the Peruvian Andes. The website discusses landscape, excavation, tools, points, camelids, art, burials, maps, and panoramas. The research and images presented on the site are those of John Rick of Stanford University.
Cultures: Andean Quechua Culture / Culturas Precolombinas: La Cultura
Quechua de los Andes |
An introduction to Quechua/Inca culture produced by the National Foreign Language Center at the University of Maryland. Illustrations, photos, and video clips enhance the written overview, including a short video of pututeros in Cusco's Corpus Christi procession. There are both English and Spanish versions of the website.
Website dedicated to the multidisciplinary archaeology project at Inkallakta, Bolivia jointly carried out by researchers at the the University of Pennsylvania and the Universidad Mayor de San Simon. A small website, with photos of the research site, and links to further information. Larry Coben is the Project Director. The website is in English.
Domestic Archaeology Site
Report on archaeological excavations at Pukara, Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru by Elizabeth A. Klarich. Excavations are focused on understanding the organization of elite households from 200 BC to AD 200 at this regional center.
Dedicated to Researchers of Andean Archaeology
Includes a directory of researchers of Andean Archaeology, with genealogical information of adviser and student relationships.
A multidisciplinary project under the direction of Professor Christine A. Hastorf studying the prehistory of the Lake Titicaca Area. Website includes project background, excavations and surveys, reports, papers and talks, peer-reviewed works, databases, and forms and images.
Andes Web Ring
This website, by James Q. Jacobs, includes discussion of Tupac Amaru, colonialism and liberation, Andean cosmology, Andean prehistory, early monumental architecture of the Peruvian coast, Chavin, the Tello Oberlisk, and Inti Raymi, as well as photo galleries of Mach Picchu, Pisaq, Sacsaywaman, and Tiwanaku.
Bolivian Rock Art Research Society SIARB / Sociedad de Investigación
del Arte Rupestre de Bolivia
SIARB's mission is to investigate and record rock paintings and petroglyphs, protect and conserve rock art sites, publish scientific reports, and educate the general public. SIARB currently has over a 1000 registered sites in Bolivia, mainly in the Andes. The website, which has English, Spanish, and German versions, includes among other thnigs an overview of the association, information about the sites, discussion of proper etiquette when visiting them, and photos of several sites.
http://www.siarb-bolivia.org/ (Home page)
http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/bolivia/ (Photos and Additional Information)
Brujo Archaeological Site and The Huaca Cao Viejo
A brief introduction to the El Brujo archaeological site located north of Trujillo, Peru. Excavations there have revealed evidence of human sacrifice. Website in English.
Islands of the Sun and Moon
Archaeological excavations indicate that the islands of the Sun and the Moon on Lake Titicaca were held to be sacred during the Tiwanaku period and that they were the destination of ritual pilgrimages from around the empire during the time of the Inca. This Website, prepared by Chip Stanish, one of the archaeologists investigating the Islands of the Sun and Moon, provides information about the people of the islands, an archaeological summary, suggesting readings, and tourist information.
Khipu Database Project |
Khipu are knotted textiles used by the Inkas for record keeping. This website is dedicated to Khipu and to research into decoding the existing artifacts. The website includes information on khipu, research projects on khipu, a khipu database, and a photo gallery of khipu. Website in English and Spanish.
|The Spirit of
Overview of the exhibition "The Spirit of Ancient Peru: Treasures of the Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera," which toured the U.S. in 1997.98. Besides presenting a brief history of Larco Herrera. this site includes 13 high-quality photographs of artifacts touring in the exhibit. By Jennifer Williams.
Colca Archaeological Research Project, Arequipa, Peru
An overview of archaeological survey and test excavation to document changes in the prehistoric use of obsidian in the area around Chivay/Cotallaulli. A doctoral research project by Nicholas Tripcevich.
de Pintura Campesina del Museo de Arte del Centro Cultural de San Marcos
3,500 drawings and paintings from the Concurso Nacional de Dibujo y Pintura Campesina of Peru (1984-1996) are housed in the Art Museum of the Cultural Center of the University of San Marcos. This website provides a sampling of them, as well as information on the history of the project and efforts to preserve and exhibit the works. Website in Spanish.
An association of artists and media specialists committed to the investigation, use, and diffusion of Andean aesthetic values. The website includes information on the associations's aims and projects, as well as sections on Andean film making, advertising, art, photography, music, and radio, with downloadable music and Quechua radio broadcasts. Website in Spanish.
Colquehuanca - Andean Textiles
A slideshow of 48 indigenous Andean textiles in the collection of Cactus Colquehuanca of Puno, Peru.
of the Incas
Maintained by The Center for Traditional Textiles in Cusco, this site has photos of Cusco area textiles.
Introduction to the work of Josué Sánchez, a contemporary artist of the central Peruvian sierra whose work draws inspiration from campesino life, pre-Hispanic heritage (especially Mochica, Nazca y Tiwanaku), popular crafts (carved gourds, textiles, and ceramics), and the Christian tradition. The article here featuring his work is by Manuel Baquerizo and was published in "Ciudad Letrada" No. 9. Article in Spanish, accompanied by a few images of Sanchez´s work.
Patterned Weaves of the Andes
Includes short articles on the significance of pallay and Andean textiles in historical perspective. Several photos are included.
de Tigua: Indigenous Artists of Ecuador
A brief introduction to the art of the indigenous artists of Tigua, Ecuador, whose colorful sheep-skin paintings depict the history, festivals, and legends of people living in the Andes mountains of rural Ecuador. Website in English.
Center for Traditional Textiles in Cusco
The mission of the Center is to aid in the preservation and revival of Peruvian Inca textiles. Directed by Nilda Callañaupa, an internationally known weaver from Chincheros, the Center has programs in several communities in the Cusco area. Support is welcome.
Paintings from the Ecuadorian Andes
This website provides a brief history and a small gallery of Tigua paintings. Webite in English.
Voices, Cerro de Pasco, Peru
Testimony of 33 men and women on the impact of the mining industry on Cerro de Pasco and the surrounding communities. The interviews are rich in personal detail, and range in age, occupation and gender. Topics include social and cultural change, economic impacts, and the environmental effects on mining on the land, the livestock and people's health.
Website helping native Otavalos keep in touch with each other around the world and with what's going on back home in Otavalo, Ecuador, as well as provide information on the people and culture of Otavalo for all who are interested.
Website about the Saraguros, an indigenous Andean people of southern Ecuador, about the places where they have traditionally lived for hundreds of years (mainly the mountain highlands), and the places they have settled in the last century (mainly the tropical forests of the Zamora River in the Upper Amazon Basin). Maintained by anthropologists Linda Belote and Jim Belote. In English and Spanish.
Website of the Autonomous Territory of the Original Kichwa Nation of Sarayaku, a community of about a thousand people, located in Pastaza province in the Amazonian region of Ecuador. The website promotes the community's programs in art, music, education, natural resource management, tourism, and community development, and it provides news and organizational information about the community's campaign to defend their territory from oil companies. Website in English, Spanish, and Kichwa.
|Vicos: A Virtual Tour|
The Peasant Community of Vicos, Peru was the scene of one of the most well-known applied anthropology programs in Latin America: the Cornell-Peru Project, an ambitious modernization and rural development initiative. This website includes interviews carried out with Vicosinos almost 50 years later as part of the Living Memory Project by The Mountain Institute and the Urpichallay Association, the video "Memory: Vicos Then and Now," and a link to a collection of photos of the project housed at Cornell University.
Testimonies from peasants of Ayacucho and Huancavelica, Perú on the political violence that they have experienced over the last two decades. The archive is organized in four genres: drawings, poetry, songs and comics, and these are complemented by historical reviews, maps and related links. The texts are in Quechua, Spanish and English.
While this site is designed to introduce chicha making to homebrewers of barley-based beer and does not have an Andean focus as such (the brewmaster has never even been to Cusco), it's a cool site for those interested in trying their hand at making chicha and permutations thereof. Besides providing various recipes and brewing instructions, the site invites readers to share recipes, traditions, drinking stories and other personal experiences regarding chicha.
Nearly 20 Peruvian recipes, improvised with nonnative ingredients when necessary. The website also provides links to recommended cookbooks for Peruvian cooking. In English.
Típicas del Perú
This website is an online recipe book of traditional Peruvian dishes. In Spanish.
A large collection of traditional Peruvian recipes, grouped into starters, soups, main dishes, desserts, and drinks. Website in Spanish.
of Peruvian Cuisine / El Arte de la Cocina Peruana
Twenty-five Peruvian dishes, from Ají de Gallina to Turron de Doña Pepa. In English and Spanish.
This website provides information on the history and production of pisco, a grape brandy of Peru, as well as recipes for pisco sour. Website in English and Spanish.
Kiss of Death: Chagas Disease in the Americas
As many as 20 million people in the Americas suffer from Chagas. Symptoms include constipation, chronic fatigue, fever, inability to swallow, and general discomfort and pain. Chagas can be lethal, especially for children. It's caused by a protozoa called Trypamosoma cruzi that resides in the heart, colon, and esophagus. It's commonly found in poor areas with unsanitary housing conditions. This Website is maintained by Joseph Bastien, a medical anthropologist who has long worked in the Andes. It give information on the biology, history, impact, and prevention of the disease, as well as its prevention and associated sociocultural issues. The site is well-done, and should be of interest to patients and laypeople alike. Highly recommended.
Website with information on the contemporary Aymara populations of Bolivia, Peru, Chile and Argentina. The site includes information on Aymara academics, artists, culture, development, environment, indigenous rights, publications, and activism. The site is available in Aymara, English, and Spanish versions.
Chirapaq is an intercultural association of indigenous Peruvians working to construct a multicultural and equitable society in Peru, a society that respects the rights, dreams, and aspirations of Peru's indigenous peoples. Among its current programs are ones focused on indigenous women and food security. Chirapaq's website provides information on the organization and its activities. Website in Spanish.
de los Pueblos Indígenas
Website prepared by the law school at the Universidad de Buenos Aires. Their database includes general information about a number of indigenous peoples of the Americas, including the Andean Quechua and Aymara (especially the Kallawaya). In Spanish.
Puna Illawara is a center for the investigation and diffusion of traditional Andean and Amazonian cultural values and practices. Headquartered in Oruro, Bolivia, it's website provides organizational information and a variety of short readings on Andean cosmology, ceremonial life, and traditional music.
Website with a variety of articles on Andean culture, emphasizing Aymara and Quechua cosmology, identity, and indigenous political movements. The articles on the wiphala as an Andean symbol ("Wiphala: Símbolo Andino") and on the exegesis of the term "Indian" ("!Basta! No Soy Indio") are especially noteworthy. There are also articles on Andean agriculture, economics, gender issues, political history, and religion. In Spanish.
|Arkeos: Revista Electrónica de Arqueología de PUCP
A publication for archaeology students and alumni of Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú. Articles in Spanish.
del Museo de Arqueología y Antropología de la UNMSM
A publication of the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Perú. Its goals are to publish the results of investigations in the social sciences, provide a forum for investigators, and defend the cultural heritage of Peru. Articles in Spanish.
Small online journal of the Museo Arqueológico San Miguel de Azapa, Arica, Chile. Articles primarily in Spanish.
de l'Institut Français d'Études Andines (Instituto Francés de Estudios
Volumes 1-31 available in .pdf format online (through 2002).
de Estudios y Promoción del Desarrollo (DESCO)
DESCO is an NGO dedicated to development among the poor and marginalized in Peru. Especially noteworthy on their website are select articles from their publications "Quehacer," the "Boletin Económico," and their news summary "Resumen Semanal." Website in Spanish.
Revista de la Red Nacional de la Mujer Rural (Centro de la Mujer
Peruana Flora Tristán)
Journal of the Peruvian Woman's Center Flora Tristán, a nonprofit institution working to combat the structural causes restricting women from full citizenship in Peru. In Spanish.
Chasqui is the cultural bulletin of the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The first issue of this twelve page magazine was published in July 2003 and includes articles on the Inca road system, Flora Tristán, Fernando de Szyszlo, pisco, Humboldt's visit, and Corpus Christi in Cusco. In English.
The Journal of Chilean Anthropology. Chungará publishes original articles in the fields of archaeology, cultural or social anthropology, bioarchaeology, conservation of cultural materials, ethnobotany, ethnohistory, geography, geology, geoarchaeology, history, linguistics, paleoecology, semiotics, textile studies, zooachaeology, and other linked fields dealing with the Andean region of South America and other related areas of the world. Publication of the Universidad de Tarapacá, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales Administrativas y Económicas (Arica, Chile). The website is in Spanish and English. Issues from 2000 to present are available online. Articles are published in either Spanish or English.
|Cuadernos de Historia Latinoamericana |
Journal of the Asociación de Historiadores Latinoamericanistas Europeos. Special issues published annually based on a select theme. Most issues have one to several articles of interest to Andeanists. In Spanish.
http://www.ahila.nl/ (Home Page); http://www.ahila.nl/publicaciones/cuadernos.html (Cuadernos)
Agrario: Análisis y Alternativas
This journal focuses on agriculture and rural society in Peru, its problems, possibilities, and evolution.
Articles of anthropological and sociological interest on Ecuador. Articles in Spanish.
Biannual journal of the Centro de Estudios Regionales Andinos "Bartolomé de Las Casas" located in Cuzco. Articles in issues 32 and 34 are accessable online. In Spanish.
Journal of the Programa Andino de Derechos Humanos at the Universidad Andina Simón Bolivar, Quito, Ecuador. Published since 2002, issues have focused on such topics as administration of indigenous justice and collective rights, social movements in the Andean region, migration, refugees, discrimination and racism, public services, and gender and human rights. Published in Spanish.
Publication of the Semestral Instituto Científico de Culturas Indígenas, ICCI.
Heritage on the Web
Links to Aymara and Quechua dictionaries, language courses, culture notes, photos, crafts, and more.
Tucumana de Investigadores en Lengua Quechua (ADILQ)
ADILQ is dedicated to the investigation, promotion, teaching, and revaluing of the Quechua language en Argentina, with a special focus on the Quechua dialect spoken en the province of Santiago del Estero. Among other things, its website includes several scholarly articles on the "quichua santiagueño." Website in Spanish.
Includes an overview of the Aymara language, a simple dictionary, an Aymara verb conjugator, a list of Aymara surnames with their meanings, and articles related to Aymara ethnicity and nationalism, geography, music, dance, and food. Website is primarily in Spanish and Aymara.
Vallejo - "Tihsimuyuh Harawinmi" / Cesar Vallejo -
"Un Poeta Universal" |
This website provides biographic information on the Peruvian writer Cesar Vallejo, as well as twelve of his poems, in both Spanish and Quechua translations.
http://www.yachay.com.pe/especiales/vallejo/index.htm (Spanish); http://www.yachay.com.pe/especiales/vallejo/index-q.htm (Quechua)
in the Andes
This site features an assortment of Quechua jokes, riddles, expressions, poetry, Bible translations, songs, and dances (with movies clips), as well as an e-mail list of Quechua-speakers (teachers, students, researchers, and the like) living outside of the Andes who seek to use their language skills and/or are willing to share their knowledge with others.
de Quechua (La Academia de Quechua YACHAY WASI)
Six online Quechua lessons are available here, and plans are to add six more progressively. By Demetrio Tupaq Yupanki. In Spanish and Quechua.
|Diccionario Aymara - Castellano / Castellano - Aymara|
An online bilingual Aymara-Spanish dictionary provided by Felix Layme Pairumani.
http://www.aymaranet.org/Layme4a.html (Aymara - Castellano)
http://www.aymaranet.org/Layme4b.html (Castellano - Aymara)
|El Quechua de Santiago del Estero|
Website on the grammar of Argentinian Quechua (Website in Quechua and Spanish).
Languages of the World
Encyclopedic text on the languages of the world. The web edition of the Ethnologue contains all 6,912 living languages in the Ethnologue database. The citation is: Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.), 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/. Website in English.
Facts to Know and Tell about Quechua
A short article by Mark Rosenfelder providing exactly what the title says, and reporting on his personal experiences in learning the language.
Croniquenses: El Mundo Andino en Lenguas Nativas y Castellano
This website shares the first results of a project to set native Andean terms in the context of their use in 16th-Century colonial writings and to highlight the bilingual nature of the descriptions the Spanish authors of the time used to explain the realities of Andean life to their readers. The entries are currently drawn from Juan de Betanzos (Suma y Narración de los Incas), Pedro de Cieza (Crónica del Perú, Segunda Parte: El Señorío de los Incas), and Polo Ondegardo (Notables Daños de No Guardar a los Indios sus Fueros). Lydia Fossa is the project director. Website is in Spanish, and the glossary contains terms from Quechua, Aymara, and other languages of the region.
of Textile Terminology
A working glossary sorting through the terminology used in reference to Andean textiles. Excerpted from Niki R. Clark, The Estuquiña Textile Tradition. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Washington University,1993, and available on the website of The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.
A blog by Ivan Acuña of Lima, Peru providing an assortment of Quechua-Spanish translations and documents and cultural information on Andean rituals and other topics.
|My Bolivia Page - Bolivian
This website contains a Bolivian Quechua - English Dictionary, several spoken Quechua audio files, and some photos. Put together by Phil Lott. In English and Quechua.
Includes some introductory Quechua lessons and grammar notes on the bipersonal conjugation of the present tense. By Barry Brian Werger, Quechua instructor and translator.
A gateway for students of Quechua, including an extensive list of links, a bibliography, and information on where to find classes and bookstores selling Quechua materials.
The Language of the People Who Built This... [Machu Picchu]
A fairly extensive website on Quechua including an introductory overview, language and linguistics, reference, learning Quechua, history and dialectics, and issues ("Popular – and Damaging – Myths About Quechua", "Hot Issues in Quechua," etc.). Maintained by Paul Heggerty.
(Yamada Language Center, University of Oregon)
Excellent collection of links to Websites dedicated to the Quechua language on the Internet.
|The Sounds of the Andean Languages / Los Sonidos de las Lenguas Andinas|
This site provides information on the origins and varieties of Quechua, including sound files and photographs of speakers and their homelands.
Declaration of Human Rights
This website provides translations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in languages around the world, including Aymara and various dialects of Quechua.
|Vocabulario Políglota Inka|
An interactive online Quechua dictionary with translations of terms between Spanish, Aymara, and the Quechua dialects of Cusco, Ayacucho, Ancash, and Junin. Provided by the website of the Portal Educativo del Perú.
|Yachaqkunapaq Simi Qullqa (Quechua-Quechua / Quechua-Spanish / Aymara Dictionary)|
Downloadable, illustrated, 2000-word bilingual student dictionaries in the Quechua of Cusco, Ayacucho, and Ancash, as well as Aymara are available at the website of the Portal Educativo del Perú.
http://portal.huascaran.edu.pe/Docentes/xtras/pdf/dicc_cusco.pdf (Cusco Quechua)
http://portal.huascaran.edu.pe/Docentes/xtras/pdf/dicc_ayacucho.pdf (Ayacucho Quechua)
http://portal.huascaran.edu.pe/Docentes/xtras/pdf/dicc_ancash.pdf (Ancash Quechua)
Arqueológico San Miguel de Azapa (Arica, Chile)
MASMA Web provides an overview of the museum's collections and exhibits, articles on archeological sites in northern Chile, a catalog of pre-Hispanic designs, photo galleries, wallpapers, and links to related websites. Website in Spanish.
Huaca Pucllana is a small but easily accessible archaeological site in Lima. Website in Spanish.
Collection of the Museo Arqueólógico Rafael Larco Hoyle, Lima
An online catalogue of the Mochica collection of the Larco Museum in Lima, including photos of the objects. Website in Spanish.
|Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino
This website provides information on the Chilean Museum of Pre-Columbian Art and its collections, with an interactive guide to pre-Columbian cultures across the Americas. The museum's online library has books and catalogs available for downloading, along with its journal. The audiovisual section includes video clips of children's stories and recordings of traditional instruments and songs. Website in Spanish.
Galeria Arte Popular de Ayacucho
The website of the museum includes images and information on the traditional altarpieces (retablos, cajones de San Marcos) of Ayacucho, the wayside crosses, the ceramics of Quinoa, the painted boards of Sarhua and articles from the Revista Identidades related to Andean crafts and folk art.
Tumbas Reales Sipan
Information on the museum dedicated to the Moche site of Sipan, with descriptions of the excavations and photographs. Website in Spanish.
Virtual de la Arqueología del Peru
An online "virtual" museum with thematically organized galleries of images and short texts on the archaeology of Peru. Website in Spanish.
The Sanctuary of Pachacamac south of Lima was dedicated to the most important diety of the Peruvian coast. The Website of the museum features archaeological information about the site, photos of its restoration, and the journal Urpiwachac. Website in Spanish.
|Perú Indígena y Virreinal / Peru: Indigenous
A traveling exhibition on indigenous and viceregal Peru put together by the Sociedad Estatal para la Acción Cultural Exterior of Spain that has shown at the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, Barcelona, the Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid, and at the National Geographic Museum in Washington, D.C. The exhibit will be appearing at other museums in the U.S. in the near future. The exhibition's website includes visual and audio tours of the exhibit and a downloadable copy of the exhibition catalog. Website in Spanish.
http://www.seacex.es/0202_exp.cfm?idExposicion=127 (home page)
http://www.seacex.es/documentos/peru_36_ingles.pdf (catalog in English)
http://www.seacex.es/catalogo.cfm?idExposicion=127 (catalog in Spanish)
The website of this dance group from the Cusco area includes the most thorough listing of traditional Andean dances available on the web, focusing on the southern highlands of Peru.
Rincón Musical Peruano
This website offers a host of sound files (.mid files) of Peruvian music under the following categories: Andean, Ballads, Carnavales, Carols, Children, Classics, Cumbias, Festejos, Huaylas, Huaynos, Hymns, Marches, Marineras, Mulizas, Piano, Polkas, Religious, Rock, Tonderos, and Waltzes. Sheet music for piano and guitar can be ordered and e-mailed for a nominal fee. There are versions of the website in Spanish and English.
http://www.musicaperuana.com/english/song.htm (English); http://www.musicaperuana.com/espanol/frmain.htm (Spanish)
Journey along the Coast of Peru North of Lima and into the Andes Near
Huaraz / Bolivia, the Altiplano, Lake Titicaca, and Tiwanaku
High quality archaeological site and travel photos from Peru and Bolivia by Jay A. Frogel.
High quality photos from Peru with descriptive comments arranged under the headings Land of the Incas, Machu Picchu, Nazca and Paracas, and Lake Titicaca. Photos by Steve Underwood, with copyright.
|Illimani: Boliviako Izpiak eta Hizkiak|
Photos of Bolivia by Txomin Txueka, text by Amets Arzallus (2006) . Also published as a book. Text in Basque and English.
This site includes a brief overview of the work of the Peruvian indigenist photographer Martin Chambi (1891-1973), and about thirty of his black-and-white photos. Website in Spanish.
|National Geographic Photo Gallery: Peru|
A collection of photos courtesy of National Geographic, organized by themes.
Rit'i: In Search of the Lord of the Snow Star
This website is built upon a photo exhibit of the Pilgrimage of Qoyllur Rit'i (Cusco Department, Peru) by Peruvian photographer Vicente Revilla. Includes a slideshow, black and white photos, and an essay by the photographer. Website in English.
Social Photography Workshops (Talleres de Fotografia Social or TAFOS)
From its beings in the mid-1980s till its end in 1997, TAFOS was a grassroots project providing the poor of Peru the opportunity to visually document what was important in their lives and communities. A general description of the program and a few of the photos can be found on this site.
Visions of Peru - Photographs by Martin Chambi
A gallery of thirty four photographs by Martin Chambi, the great 20th C. Peruvian indigenist photographer.
A site about the history, geography, culture and people of Peru by Monica Vela Valdizan and Govert-Jan Mennen. Good photos.
de Medios Independientes / Independent Media Center |
Indymedia is a collective of independent media organizations and hundreds of journalists offering grassroots, non-corporate coverage. With origins in the anti-globalization movement, it describes itself as a "democratic media outlet for the creation of radical, accurate, and passionate tellings of truth." One can find news stories here about the struggles of the urban poor, indigenous peoples, labor unions, and other groups that are hard to find anywhere else. Each of the Andean countries has its own media collective. Websites in Spanish.
|Encuesta Nacional de Hogares 1994 / 1994 Peru Living
The 1994 Peru Living Standards Survey / Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Sobre Medición de Niveles de Vida provides individual level and household level socio-economic data from 3,623 households. The survey was performed by the Peruvian research enterprise Cuánto S.A., with the technical and financial assistance of the World Bank and the Interamerican Development Bank. All data files and necessary supporting documentation can be downloaded.
News, bulletin boards, forums, and photo galleries on all things having to do with Cusco, Peru. Different postings in Spanish and English.
Personal Website of Michael Smith, who has lived in Lima for years. The site includes a general selection of Peruvian links, translations of Peruvian poets such as Antonio Cisneros, Mirko Lauer, Marco Martos, and Blanca Varela, and Michael Smith's writings on Peruvian politics.
A radio production on agriculture, biodiversity, and the market in the Andes by Jon Miller. Includes bonus tracks with Maria Scurrah on her ambivalence about offering advice to Andean farmers, economist Manuel Glave on marketing biodiversity, and a song excerpt about llama herding played by a father and his daughter. Featured by Worlds of Difference: Local Culture in a Global Age, a radio documentary project of Homeland Productions. In English.
Reinhard - Andean Archeologist
This National Geographic Radio Expedition features Alex Chadwick´s interview by satellite phone with Johan Reinhard, an archeologist noted for his discovery of Incan mummies on on Mount Ampato, 20-thousand feet above sea level, as he returns to the site for further research. A Coproduction of National Public Radio and the National Geographc Society, 1997. In English.
Temples of Peru
This National Geographic Radio Expedition features Alex Chadwick´s interview with Charles Stanish, director of the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA, as he does reconnaissance work for his next project in southern Peru. A Coproduction of National Public Radio and the National Geographc Society, 2002. In English.
Ben Orlove, author of "Lines in the Water: Nature and Culture at Lake Titicaca," discusses what the reedbeds of Lake Titicaca suggest about indigenous peoples and sustainability. Earth and Sky Radio broadcast, Byrd & Block Communications, September 15, 2002. In English.
de Oruro - (Oruru, Bolivia)
Extensive information on the Carnival of Oruru, including a brief history of the festival and descriptions of the dances and dancers.
La Página de los Asustadores, el Hombre de la Bolsa, y Mil Espantos
This site contains a wealth of information on traditions, myths, and legends about scary personages -- condenados, Ñakaq, and the like -- in the Andes, other areas of Latin America, and on the Iberian Penninsula. The site is maintained under the auspices of the Universidad Nacional del Centro del Perú, UNCP.
de la Virgen de la Candelaria
This website provides a brief introduction to the Candlemas festival and Carnival season in Puno, Peru. In Spanish and Quechua.
Virgen de la Candelaria (Puno, Peru)
Articles, music, photos, and video clips on this religious festival, including an excellent collection of photos and videos. In Spanish.
Information on Holy Week activities in Ayacucho, Cusco, Tarma, and Huaraz, Peru.
- Recursos Hídricos en el Altiplano
Website promoting the efficient management of hydraulic resources, the defense of the water rights of indigenous peoples, and the protection of ecosystems on the altiplano of Argentina, Chile, Bolivia y Perú. Includes position papers, discussion, an electronic journal, and a virtual library of over 100 articles. Website in Spanish.
Bartolomé de Las Casas
CBC is an important social science research institute in Cusco, Peru. Its Website includes a catalogue of books and journals published by the center and information about two of its main projects, Casa Campesina, which trains and works directly with area campesinos, and the Escuela Andina de Postgrado, a program that provides Master's-level training in Andean subjects. Website in Spanish.
|Centro de Investigación, Educación y
CIED is an NGO that promotes sustainable rural development in Peru. Besides general information about the organization, headquartered in Lima, the Website includes a host of articles on sustainable agriculture, indigenous knowledge, and rural development, statistical information on Peru's food production, and links to like-minded organizations . Website in Spanish.
Peruano de Estudios Sociales (CEPES)
CEPES is a nonprofit organization that seeks to contribute to the modernization and development of the rural sector in Peru, with small-scale farmers playing an active role. Among its goals are to help give small-scale producers access to modern technology, credit, markets, and the results of the latest agricultural research. CEPES promotes grassroots decision-making, union organization, good agricultural policies, regional development, social welfare, and proper management of natural resources. It publishes the journals "Debate Agrario" and "La Revista Agraria," and has an extensive bibliography in its online library, some of the articles available for downloading. Its website is in Spanish.
The trust carries out small scale, sustainable rural development projects in the Peruvian Andes. Its Cusichaca Project (1977 -1987) pioneered the rehabilitation of Inca irrigation and terracing as a method for rural development and brought 45 hectares of barren land under cultivation in the district of Ollantaytambo. Its Patacancha Project (1987-1997) restored a 6 km Inca canal irrigating 160 hectares of land, supplied drinking water to 900 families, diversified crop, tree and animal stocks, and introduced a mill, horticultural center, and Museum to another area of the district of Ollantaytambo. Its Ayacucho and Apurimac Projects (1997-present) includes projects in Ayacucho, Andahuaylas and Huancavelica to research and enhance the productive value of Huari and Chanca agricultural systems. The trust was founded and is directed by archeologist Ann Kendall. Its website is in English.
Oaks Research Library and Collection
The Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection has significant resources in the areas of Pre-Columbian studies, and some of their publications are available for download on this site.
de Estudios Peruanos
This is the website of the Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, a research center dedicated to strengthening democracy and promoting equitable economic development and respect for cultural diversity in Peru. IEP is a multidisciplinary center, bringing together the work of anthropologists, sociologists, political scientists, historians, and economists. It publishes a series of Working Papers, which are available online in Adobe Acrobat format. Website in Spanish.
http://www.iep.org.pe/ (Home Page)
http://www.iep.org.pe/titulos.php (Working Papers 1995-present)
Francés de Estudios Andinos (IFEA)
Center of investigation of the French Ministry of de Foreign Relations, with the mission of contributing to scientific knowledge on the Andes and its people, past and present. To this end it conducts seminars and conferences, funds fellowships, and publishes a journal. Headquartered in Lima, it has activities in Peru, Bolivia, Columbia, and Ecuador.
|Instituto para el Estudio de la
Cultura y Tecnología Andina (IECTA)
A nonprofit organization offering indigenous Andean leaders and professionals a place of encounter, reflection, planning, and coordination. Among its goals are the fostering of Andean identity, development and emancipation of the Andean community, and the Andinization of public education and religious institutions in indigenous zones. Headquarted in Iquique, Chile.
Development Research Centre (IDRC)
While the IDRC is not solely dedicated to the Andes, BIBLIO, the IDRC Library catalogue, is a good source for findiing articles on development in the Andean region online.
In Situ / In Situ Conservation of Native
Crops and their Wild Relatives Project |
The In Situ Conservation of Native Crops and their Wild Relatives Project works for the preservation of the genetic resources of the cultivated native plant species and their wild relatives in Peru. Their website includes news and information on the organization, copies of its quarterly bulletin, and online publications. Website versions in English and Spanish.
http://www.insitu.org.pe/english.htm (English); http://www.insitu.org.pe/index.htm (Spanish)
de Investigación Agraria (SEPIA)
A nonprofit organization promoting investigation and debate from a multidisciplinary perspective within the academic community on agriculture, rural development, and the environment in Peru. The organization's website includes an excellent collection of papers from its biennial conferences, SEPIA I through SEPIA XI. Website and conference papers are in Spanish.
|The Association for Nature and Sustainable Development (ANDES)|
ANDES works in defense of indigenous rights to genetic resources, traditional knowledge, and the conservation of biological and cultural resources and the character of the landscape of the Andes. ANDES programs link local, national and international policies in the defense of indigenous rights with local knowledge and action. Based in Cusco, Peru, the NGO works with indigenous organizations at the community level to development adaptive management models of indigenous biocultural heritage, affirming the rights and responsibilities of the communities to that heritage, while improving the local food security, health and nutrition.
This site-in-formation intends to serve scholars in the archaeology, ethnography, and history of the Andean region as a permanent web space from which they can present their conference papers, doctoral research, datasets, working papers, and any other material they might like to share to a wider audience. Authors can manage their own web spaces, and upload, modify or delete any files within their area. The site also includes a list of the personal web pages of Andeanists that are not hosted on the site.
The Andean Digital Library is a project of the General Secretary of Comunidad Andina, with the participation of eleven libraries and universities in the region and the support of the Regional Office of Communication and Information for Latin American and the Caribbean of UNESCO, the Universidad de Colima de México y the Instituto Francés de Estudios Andinos. The library is based on the technological and methodological model established by UNESCO for its Iberoamerican and Caribbean Digital Library Project. Categories include Obras Clásicas (Classic Works), Integración (Integration), Cultura y Conocimientos Andinos (Andean Culture and Knowledge), and Lenguas Aborígenes (Indigenous Languages). Most of the articles are in Spanish.
The aim of this website is to give voice to the oppressed peoples of the Andes and Amazon who have long struggled against genocide and ethnocide to secure their own identity and autonomous development. The site provides scholarly articles and book-length works on a wide gamet of topics, including anthropology, archaeology, art, ecology, education, folklore, geography, history, language, literature, philosophy, and science. The site is directed by Luis Guzmán Palomino, and articles are in Spanish.
Original articles in Spanish on Andean society, politics, and culture. New articles are added regularly. Highly recommended.
This website provides links to articles and other information on biodiversity, conservation, and sustainable development of the dryland forests of Peru and Ecuador.
Hoy: Primer Congreso Internacional de Peruanistas en el Extranjero
David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, Harvard University, 29 de abril - 1 de mayo, 1999 Articles include "El Perú como utopía: pasado, presente y futuro", "La investigación actual sobre las crónicas andinas", "Escenas ejemplares: producción textual y violencia en la sociedad peruana", "Mundo andino y transposiciones letradas", "Economía y sociedad en el Virreinato del Perú bajo los Habsburgo", "Nación y literatura en el siglo XIX", "The fragility of the democratic process", "Algunas perspectivas en la narrativa peruana de los noventa", "Diversidad cultural: ventajas y desventajas", and "La investigación actual sobre las crónicas andinas". Most are in Spanish.
|Perú Inka Runapacha
This website includes articles by various authors on Andean archaeology, history, and cultural traditions, as well as a gallery of photos. Emphasis is on preserving and validating Andean culture and reconstructing history from a native point of view. The site is directed by Luis Guzmán Palomino and articles are in Spanish.
Cholonautas: Biblioteca Virtual
Website dedicated to the development of the social sciences in Peru. While articles can be found here on the Andean region, this site has a wealth of well-chosen articles on a variety of contemporary issues of concern to social scientists. Articles are either in the Spanish original, or translated to Spanish to make them accessible to Spanish-speaking audience. Highly recommended.
Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España, y Portugal
This website is an online library of over 100 social science journals published in Spanish. Articles on the Andes can be found through the judicious use of keywords. Articles primarily in Spanish, many with English abstracts.
This website includes articles by several authors on Andean archaeology, history, and cultural traditions, as well as a gallery of photos. Emphasis is on preserving and validating Andean culture and reconstructing history from a native point of view. The site is directed by Luis Guzmán Palomino, and articles are in Spanish. Similar in mission and direction to Peru Inka Runapacha listed above, but many of the articles are different.
Over 500 pages of travel information for visitors to Peru from a nonprofit, volunteer-based organization with an office in Cusco. Travel information includes tour ideas, hotel recommendations, a review of local and international tour operators, travel advice, ecotourism, local community projects run by Andean Travel Web, books, and more. While website has a Peruvian focus, it also provides limited information on Bolivia (La Paz) and Ecuador (Quito).
|Andes Do's and Don'ts|
Part of a series of travel reports from around the world. Click on the map of the country you seek information on, and then on the specific city or site of interest. Unique and well-done.
This extensive site includes travel information on Bolivia, a hotel guide, weather forecasts across the country, history, macroeconomic indicators, a photo gallery, recipes of Bolivian traditional-cooking, electronic postcards, a directory of Bolivian restaurants around the world and more. In Spanish and English.
Cultural Perú Virtual
This website is well put together and serves as a window to Peruvian culture in general, past and present. Links are organized by such categories as academia, archaeology, chess, gastronomy, libraries, literature, museums, and tourism. In Spanish.
This well-done website provides tourist information on Cusco and the surrounding areas, including an events calendar, history, attractions, historic buildings, churches, museums, art, food, restaurants, night life, sports and adventure. In English and Spanish.
Substantial information on Cusco's tourist attractions, both in the city and in the surrounding area. Website is in both Spanish and English.
A comprehensive overview of Peru, with information ranging from history and politics to seismic activity and recipes. Winner of Golden Web Award 2002-2003. Versions in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and German. The website has over 600 pages per language, 1300 images, 1000 maps and 400 photographs.
http://www.tierra-inca.com/index_en.html (English), http://www.tierra-inca.com/index_es.html (Spanish)
Peruvian Home Page
An eclectic collection of links on Peru, with special emphasis on food, drinks, books, and art. Website maintained by Fidea Dolier. In Spanish, with some links in English.
An informative guide to Peru, with online versions in several languages: English, German, French, Hebrew, Italian, and Spanish.
A full travel guide with information on Peruvian culture, places to visit, maps, and a photo gallery. PromPerú's "Traveler's Guide to Festivities, Music and Folk Art in Peru" and Guía de Viajes de Perú can be found on the site and are well-worth downloading. There are versions of the website in English and Spanish.
Cusco / Cusco Home Page
Tourist information provided by the Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco. In Spanish and English.
Planet Travel Guide to Peru
An abridged online version of a popular travel guide.
A consumer guide on how to get the best service and value for one's money while visiting Cusco.
An extensive collection of Web links to all aspects of Peruvian life. Many more topics covered than my select listing here. In English, Spanish, French, and German.
Bills itself as an online guide for independent travellers to Peru.
Links to ecotravel and ecotourism in Peru.
Hosted by the Commission for the Promotion of Peru (PromPeru), this is the Peruvian government's official tourism website. Worth a look. There are versions in Spanish, English, German, French, Italian, and Portuguese.
Inkas' Sacred Capital
An online guidebook to Cusco (Qosqo), Peru and the tourist circuit to surrounding archaelogical sites and towns. Maintained by Vicente Goyzueta, Cusco native, New York resident, graduate in tourism at San Antonio Abad National University in Cusco, and author of a book by the same title. In both English and Spanish versions.
A nonprofit organization with the objective of carrying out cultural and educational projects in the Andean region. Their website has information on Andean cosmology, spirituality, language, music, symbolism, Mother Nature, typical foods, festivals, and customs. It offers excellent coverage of recent news stories on the Andean region, as well as announcements of coming cultural events. In English, Spanish, French, and Quechua.
Guide to South America
An online version of this guidebook, with sections on Chile, Ecuador, and Peru.
American Explorers Club
Excellent source of travel information for all of South and Central America. SAE's magazine is written with wit, and the club maintains club houses in Lima and Quito.
|The Virtual Inca Trail|
Maps, photos, and day-by-day hike description of the Inca Trail.
|Peru - People of the Mountains|
Black-and-white footage of Peru from 1940 produced by Erpi Classroom Films, in collaboration with Earle K. James.
Akataska, whose name comes from the Aymara expression, "This, Our Path," is an NGO that produces and markets handmade Andean products and promote traditional indigenous activities to preserve and restore Native American culture in Bolivia. The majority of its participants are members of the llama-herding Condori lineage of the Bolivian altiplano. The leadership of the association consists of indigenous Native Americans working with a foreign ethnographer-advisor. The organization maintains a 500-piece traveling weaving collection, performs Andean music, and is interested in participating in cultural activities and expositions worldwide. Some of their hand crafts can be found for sale on eBay.
Travel Web Community Projects
The Cusco office of the Andean Travel Web organizes clothing, school equipment, and Christmas gift distributions in indigenous communities along trekking routes. Their website lists these and other community projects and volunteer opportunities needing support in the Cusco region.
para la Investigación Antropólogica y el Etnodesarrollo "Antropólogos
del Surandino" (ASUR) |
ASUR is an anthropological association that conceives its mission as that of fostering the production of and finding markets for high-quality indigenous art and crafts in Sucre, Bolivia and surrounding communities. It seeks to generate rural employment and income in the area, revitalize cultural creativity in the rural communities, contribute to the spiritual enrichment of those who purchase their indigenous artwork, and develop tourism in Sucre. The foundation's website provides a brief introduction to the project, its museum, and local textile production. There are versions of the website in English, Spanish, French, and German.
http://www.bolivianet.com/asur/indexin.htm (English); http://www.bolivianet.com/asur/index.htm (Spanish)
|Porteadores Inka Ñan
The aim of this organization (defunct as of July 2005), was to improve conditions for porters in Peru in a sustainable manner ("Inka Ñan" means "Inca Road" or Inca Trail" in Quechua). It brought together Peruvian and foreign volunteers and the porters themselves to create a space where porters can discuss and implement projects to improve their working conditions. The organization's website still exists, and provides useful information of the concerns of porters in Peru. Website in English and Spanish.
Andina Film Project
The story of two New York women raised in different worlds — an immigrant folk dancer from the Andes, and a modern dancer from Queens, NY — who journey to Peru in search of roots and dance. The film is still in the production stages and financial contributions to the project are welcome. A trailer and several video clips are available for download.
Aprendamos Juntos (Learning Together) Program
This program is designed to give children from low-income families with learning difficulties in Lima the specialized care they need. A permanent staff of psychologists specializing in learning and language problems carry out the program at seven schools in the poorest areas of Lima and in Lima's principal orphanage. It provides therapy twice a week, on a one-to-one basis, to over 400 children each year. The "Aprendamos Juntos" foundation was founded in 1998 by Larry Custer, editor and publisher of "The Art of Peruvian Cuisine," and proceeds from the book go into the foundation. Website in English and Spanish.
Center for Traditional Textiles in Cusco
More fully described under the heading "Art" above, the Center for Traditional Textiles in Cusco welcomes financial support for its activities; including sponsorship of the purchase of particular textiles.
If there is a site that you would like to see added here, please send me its web address.
Compiled by: Steve Froemming
Last update: October 3, 2009
Links last checked: October 1, 2009